Increased advances in the arena of technology and science have granted society innumerable facilities. But on the same side has put the whole earth in danger zone. One of the all highly contributing factors causing this condition is climatic change.
Climatic change is defined as the adverse change in the average weather conditions over years, mainly due to pollution caused by human activities and insensitivity. Green House Gases (CO2 & N2O emission) are driving up the temperature of the earth ultimately resulting in climatic change accompanied by floods, melting glaciers and polar ice, extreme rainfall, storms, precipitation, and drought.
Impact Of Climate Change
The institution of the globe which is highly getting hit by the greenhouse effect is the agriculture in the form of reduction in crop yield, as a result depriving people of food. Climate change is posing several threats to the world, but the main threat is food availability. In the agriculture sector, severe climate change i.e. the high temperature is resulting in low production of crop yield.
It is studied that in some crop’s moderate temperature and more CO2 gas can cause good growth but to achieve that nutrient levels, soil moisture, water supply, and other conditions must also be fulfilled. Beyond these benefits, the scientists also say that if severe warming prevails, it can cause problems like floods, extreme rainfalls, storms, droughts, precipitation, and a reduction in crop production. Higher temperatures and precipitation can prevent crop growth. The warmer temperature increased CO2, and high moisture nourish many weeds, pests as well as fungi that can destroy the crop. Moreover, varying frequency and severity of floods and droughts is posing extreme challenges to farmers and threatening food security. Nevertheless, because of all this, the public is facing food insecurity and the “zero Hunger” concept is becoming impossible. The need of the hour is to get control over this situation.
However, it isn’t the case that this condition is totally irreversible. We can treat food insecurity by reducing climate change by planting more trees, reducing pollution, quitting the usage of fossil fuels, investing in renewable energy, shifting to sustainable transport, and introducing farmers with innovative and comprehensive agriculture techniques. As far as, agriculture is concerned there is something more ultimate that we need to familiarize and that is about educating our farmers on how to handle any calamity. In short, the reversal of climatic change is in our hands and it won’t be done until we strive for it.